The Bars Problem

We have tested the HNV model to an extension of the bars problem [16]. The data set consists of pixel image patches with horizontal and vertical bars. In addition to the regular bars, we used horizontal and vertical variance bars that are manifested by increased variance. Samples of the image patches are shown in Figure 5.

Data was generated by first choosing whether vertical and/or horizontal orientations are active, each with probability 1/2 independently. If an orientation is active, there is a probability 1/3 for each bar of that orientation to be active. For both orientations, there are 6 regular bars, one for each row or column, and 3 variance bars that are 2 rows or columns wide. The intensities are drawn from normalised positive exponential distribution. Regular bars are additive and variance bars produce additive Gaussian noise with standard deviation of its intensity. Finally, Gaussian noise with standard deviation 0.1 was added to each pixel.